Why Do Piles Happen? Know How This Disease Starts


Piles or haemorrhoids cause inflammation in the lower rectum and anus. It can develop inside the rectum or under the skin around the anus. Before you start seeking piles treatment, you need to find out the causes behind it. 


Several factors are responsible for increasing the pressure on blood vessels leading up to the rectum and anus. As a result, they might swell, and you get piles. Usually, the cause of piles remains unknown. However, some common factors that can create the issue are as follows:

  • Hard or watery bowel movements
  • Low fibre diet
  • Liver diseases causing portal hypertension
  • Ascites or the accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
  • Chronic constipation or diarrhoea
  • Excessive weight gain
  • Anal intercourse
  • Squatting for a long time while defecating
  • Rectal cancers
  • Physical straining to lift heavy objects
  • Persistent cough
  • Prolonged sneezing or vomiting
  • A family history of piles

The risk of getting piles increases with age as the tissues supporting the veins in the anus and rectum can stretch and become weak. It also happens during pregnancy because the baby’s weight lays pressure on the anus. 

Symptoms of Piles

The symptoms associated with piles depend on their type. 

External Piles

They appear under the skin around the anus and cause the following symptoms:

  • Irritation or itching in the anal region
  • Swelling around the anus
  • Discomfort or pain
  • Bleeding

Internal Piles

It occurs inside the rectum and usually cannot be seen or felt. Internal piles typically don’t cause discomfort. However, irritation or straining while passing a stool leads to the following:

  • Painless bleeding while passing stool
  • A haemorrhoid getting pushed through the anal opening, leading to pain and irritation

Thrombosed Piles

Sometimes blood gets clotted in an external haemorrhoid and triggers the following symptoms:

  • A hard lump near the anus
  • Inflammation
  • Swelling
  • Severe pain

Best Tips to Prevent Piles

Some tips to prevent the risk of getting haemorrhoids are as follows:

  • Consume a high-fibre diet: Add more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It can soften your stools and also increase their bulk. Consequently, you will be able to avoid the strain that often contributes to piles. A high-fibre diet also helps you get rid of problems with gas.
  • Consume more fluids: Proper fluid intake is necessary to keep your stools soft. You should consume at least six to eight glasses of water and other liquids throughout the day. However, it shouldn’t be alcohol.
  • Stay physically active: Exercising is crucial for preventing constipation and reducing pressure on the veins. Staying physically active will also help you shed the extra weight that might contribute to piles. 
  • Take fibre supplements: Several people don’t intake the recommended fibre from their diet. In such cases, over-the-counter supplements like methylcellulose and psyllium can help. However, you must consume eight glasses of water daily to take fibre supplements. Otherwise, the supplements will worsen your constipation. 

Closing Thoughts

Apollo should be your first choice to receive effective piles treatment. The medical experts can offer guidance regarding your diet and exercise to keep haemorrhoids at bay. They will also be able to provide you with the proper medications to cure the issue. You might need surgery in rare cases, but the Apollo experts have covered you.

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